We have inherited many legacies from World War One (The Great War For Civilisation) and "TRENCH ART" deserves a place, as one.
During the Winter of 1914, an activity was developed in the townships and second line in France which was given an inappropriate name - "Trench Craftsmanship" (battlefield materials were taken and made into roughly executed souvenir memory items).
There was a large manufacturing trade during and after the war (selling souvenirs to Battlefield Tourists). Major Department Stores in the immediate post-war period offered to turn war souvenirs such as shell fuze heads – often brought back by soldiers – into wooden-based paperweights. If ex-soldiers had no souvenir, they could be provided. This source evidences the widespread examples of bulkier trench art – such as dinner gongs and poker stands made from shell charge cases.
"A huge amount of First World War trench art survives to this day and, since 1918, has been augmented by pseudo-trench art produced to cater to the battlefield tourist market on the former Western Front. In recent times, it has become accepted that this manifestation of First World War material culture is far from trivial or ephemeral, but that it offers crucial insights into people’s experience of, and engagement with, the war."
In 2001, large quantities of partially-worked trench art were discovered by French archaeologists at the site of a brass-work trench art "factory" run by a German POW labour company based near Arras during 1919.